Seminar for commemoration of the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and the victims of totalitarianism

On Friday, 23 August 2019, the National Archives of Finland and the Prime Minister’s Office organized a seminar in Helsinki for commemoration of the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and the victims of totalitarianism.

The signature of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on 23 August 1939 led to the deportation, torture and murder of tens of millions of people under totalitarian regimes. While the end of World War II marked the defeat of the Nazi regime, many Europeans continued for decades to suffer under totalitarian regimes.


  • Opening of the seminar, Director General, Dr. Jussi Nuorteva, National Archives of Finland
  • The Estonian project on Crimes against humanity during the time of Nazi-German and Soviet totalitarianism, Head of Research Toomas Hiio, Estonian Institute of Historical Memory
  • Heritage of National Socialist totalitarianism in Germany, Professor, Dr. Cordelia Hess, University of Greifswald
  • The impact of the secret protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact in Poland. Comparison between situations of Poland and Finland. Master of Arts
  • Marta Laskowska, University of Warsaw
  • The connection between totalitarianism and the Holocaust and Jewish wounds in Europe, CEO Gideon Bolotowsky
  • Conclusions, Professor Kimmo Rentola, University of Helsinki

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